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KRIEGSMARINE MINELAYERS
(Minenleger, Minenschiffe)

Minelayer Brummer
Minelayer Brummer (II), ex-Norwegian Olav Tryggvason.

In the mid 1930s the Kriegsmarine didn't possess specifically built minelayers. Minelaying was to be carried out mainly by destroyers and torpedo boats. In fact most German warships could be fitted as minelayers if necessary, even submarines and s-boats. In 1938, however, a new class of four offensive minelayers with capacity for 400 mines was projected as part of the Z-Plan, but all ships were canceled when war broke out the following year.

Once the war started, the Kriegsmarine began fitting other vessels like the artillery training ships Brummer and Bremse, and the yacht Grille, for minelaying. In addition, several former merchant ships were also converted into auxiliary minelayers. In the first days/weeks of the war, minelayers together with destroyers and light cruisers, laid the so-called "West Wall" defensive mine barrier to secure the German Bight against possible incursions of the British Home Fleet.

In April 1940, the Norwegian minelayer Olav Tryggvason was captured by the Germans in Oslo, and immediately commissioned into the Kriegsmarine as Brummer (II) serving until 1945.

Over 200,000 mines were laid by German Navy warships during World War II.

Minelayers (Minenlegers)
Name Builder Launched Commd. Fate
BRUMMER (II)
(ex-Olav Tryggvason)
Horten Naval Yard 21.12.1932 21.06.1934 *
13.04.1940 with KM
Bombed in Kiel
13.04.1945

Auxiliary Minelayers (Minenschiffe)
Name Builder Launched Commd. Fate
KAISER AG Vulcan, Stettin 05.04.1905 10.09.1905
28.08.1939 as ML
To Britain 1945
ULM Danziger Werft 11.1937 1938 Sunk in the Arctic
25.08.1942
ROLAND J. C. Tecklenborg,
Geestemünde
16.03.1927 24.08.1939 as ML Mined off Narva Bay
21.04.1944
LINZ Danziger Werft 1940 1943 To Britain 1945
COBRA A.G. Vulcan, Stettin 14.01.1926 26.08.1939 Bombed in Rotterdam
27.08.1942
OSTMARK
(ex-Côte d'Argent)
Forges et Chantiers
de la Méditerranée (FCM),
Le Havre
12.04.1932 1940 as ML Bombed west of Anholt
21.04.1945
ELSASS
(ex-Côte d'Azur)
Forges et Chantiers
de la Méditerranée (FCM),
Le Havre
1930 18.10.1942 into KM Mined east of Samsö
03.01.1945
HANSESTADT DANZIG Oderwerke, Stettin 17.03.1926 14.07.1926
04.10.1939 as ML
Mined in the Baltic
near Öland 09.07.1941
PREUßEN Oderwerke, Stettin 17.03.1926 01.09.1923 Mined in the Baltic
near Öland 09.07.1941
TANNENBERG Oderwerke, Stettin 16.03.1935 12.08.1935 Mined in the Baltic
near Öland 09.07.1941
WULLENWEVER
(ex-Rouen)
Forges et Chantiers
de la Méditerranée (FCM),
Le Havre
1912 1941 into KM Sunk April 1943
KÖNIGIN LOUISE Howaldtswerke AG,
Hamburg
10.04.1934 01.06.1934
1939 as ML
Mined near Helsinki
25.09.1941
SKAGERRAK Aalborg Værft,
Aalborg
1939 08.1940 into KM Torpedoed south of Egersund
20.01.1944
BRANDENBURG
(ex-Kita)
Forges et Chantiers
de la Méditerranée (FCM),
La Seyne
1936 01.05.1943 as ML Torpedoed off Capraia Island
Mediterranean Sea 21.09.1943
POMMERN
(ex-Bélain d'Esnambuc)
Framnæs Mekaniske Værksted,
Sandefjord
1939 30.01.1943 as ML Mined south of San Remo
05.10.1943

Mine Transports (Minentransporter)
Name Builder Launched Commd. Fate
LAUTING Stettiner Oderwerke 1934 1934 German Mine Sweeping
Administration (GMSA) 1945
RHEIN Stettiner Oderwerke 1934 1934 German Mine Sweeping
Administration (GMSA) 1945
OTTER Schichau, Elbing 1934 1934 Bombed in Kirkomansaari,
Finland 20.06.1944
IRBEN Schichau, Elbing 1936 1936 Bombed in Kiel
03.04.1945



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